Structure of the tight junction. (A) Epithelial cells when grown to confluent density form polarized intercellular junctions with tight junctions and gap junctions at the apical-most lateral position, followed by adherens junctions and desmosomes. (B) The tight junction consists of three major components: extracellular, membrane, and intracellular components. Integral membrane proteins and lipids form the membrane component. Secreted and membrane tethered extracellular proteins form the extracellular component. Cytoplasmic scaffolds and associated proteins form the intracellular component.
Tang Biology Direct 2006 1:37 doi:10.1186/1745-6150-1-37